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Grey willow (Salix cinerea), also know as pussy willow (because of its flowers, see below) and grey sallow, grey willow is a deciduous shrub or small tree that can grow to 7m tall. It spreads by seed or by suckering from the roots. Plants are either male or female. Leaves are 20-70 x 15-35mm, and are oval and serrated. The topsides of the leaves are shiny while the undersides are grey-blue with dense soft grey hairs. Erect cylindrical catkins (15-35mm long) are produced from September to October before the leaves appear. Seed capsules are bivalved and contain many seeds that have fluffy outgrowths and are dispersed by wind.