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  • BRaid Newsletter #37: 08 April 2018

    Posted on April 8, 2018 by in banded dotterel, bird survey, Black-billed gull, black-fronted terns, Breeding, Clarence River, Ecology, gene editing, genetic, Lower Waitaki, Newsletters, pest mammals, Reports, Research, seabirds, trapping, traps, wrybill

    Greetings,

    At our last meeting in February, Ailsa’s Howard’s presentation on the use of ‘nesting cages’ on South Bay, Kaikoura, was impressive, to say the least. This method is proving to be a highly successful technique for saving nesting dotterels, with the added social engagement benefit of placing emphasis on ‘saving’ birds rather than ‘killing’ predators, something that has great appeal to community and school groups.

    Until Ailsa experimented with the cages, the survival rate of chicks on South Bay was virtually nil; at the Braided Rivers seminar in June last year, Ailsa’s poster presentation was sub-titled ‘Empty Nest Syndrome. Trail cameras revealed that cats and dogs took chicks, while unleashed dogs disturbed nesting adults to the point where they became too frightened to stay on nests at night.

    The nesting cages (called ‘exclosures’ in some of the literature) are designed so the gaps are large enough to allow adult birds to freely run in and out but small enough to keep out cats (even determined cats with long paws, as the trail cameras show) and dogs. Use of them has turned the previously abysmal statistic on its head: the adult dotterels returned to hatch a second and third egg rather than abandoning their nest after hatching just own or two. Adult birds are also visibly less anxious and more relaxed. By inference, fewer calories burned means potentially more time available for brooding.

    The results speak for themselves: every ‘caged’ nest resulted in and least one successful fledgling. Ailsa is hoping to improve that statistic next year by trapping hedgehogs and cats, which still predate on chicks once they leave the safety of the cages.

    The potential of these ‘nesting cages’ to protect dotterels and other small birds including wrybill from aerial predators (particularly the growing population of black-backed gulls) as well as cats, dogs, and possibly larger hedgehogs, is exciting. For more information and the (relatively simple and inexpensive) design specs of the ‘nesting cages’ specifically for dotterels, please contact Ailsa: ailsa@fishnet.co.nz. I’ve also added a couple of photos of the cages at the bottom of this page.

    Links to peer reviewed papers on ‘nesting cages’ or ‘exclosures’ elsewhere are listed below. If anyone else tries this method, please share your results! Knowing about what’s failed is just as important as learning about what’s worked.

    Southern Black-backed gull (SBBG) numbers

    A helicopter survey 01 November 2017 over the lower Waimakariri River from the mouth to the gorge, revealed 23 breeding colonies with 3,031 breeding pairs. In 2016, 5,015 breeding pairs were recorded (although the 2016 survey was done about 6 weeks earlier). From a personal perspective, in 2016 it was hard to tell where one breeding colony ended and another began. It’s certainly safe to say that these colonies are well entrenched.

    Currently, there is little understanding (okay, no one has any idea) of the movements of SBBG around the greater Christchurch and Canterbury area. However, as we do know they number far fewer in the upper Waimakariri, BRaid will be undertaking a control programme to determine what impact, if any, that will be on the numbers of endemic braided river birds nesting in the area. As bird surveys were undertaken in the upper Waimakari River in 2012, 2014, and 2016, we have a good baseline. This also will be a good test for the speed at which SBBG immigrate to the area once the existing SBBG colonies have been removed. If anyone would like any background information on predatory gulls, I spent an afternoon doing a rough review of the literature and compiled some notes here (thanks to Rachel McClellan for supplying some of the papers).

    Trap making: volunteers needed

    The trapping workshop held last year in Woodend has resulted in the formation of a new trapping group for the Ashley River estuary. Funds have now been secured to purchase materials for making 100 traps. The ARRG trapping expert, Geoff Swailes, has offered the use of his garage in Loburn, where the group have made hundreds of traps (which they also sell). Trap making will commence 08.30am Saturday April 21. As many hands as possible are needed even if it is only for a few hours. BYO lunch and ear muffs. Also, if you have them – hammer and wire cutters (for mesh cutting), any power drill. Ideal opportunity to learn how to make traps. Please email nick.ledgard@xtra.co.nz if you are able to come.

    Cheers,
    Sonny Whitelaw
    Manager
    mananger@braid.org.nz


    New reports and updates on the website

    Ground nesting bird ‘exclosure’ cages

    Recent local news

    From around the web


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    Membership Renewal is due at the AGM September each year. If you are not already a member of BRaid, you can join as a General, Casual, or Representative member. General Membership is a modest $20/annum, giving you voting rights and the opportunity to have a say in BRaid’s activities.


    Thanks to those who have contributed to this newsletter. Please keep news items coming. If they are time-sensitive, I’ll put them on Facebook.

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